Rug Information and Care
Floor Rugs are available in all sizes starting from a small entrance mat to the largest to suit an activity room or large family room. They are available in set length hallway runner rugs or cut from the roll runner rugs, round rugs, rectangles and the occasional square rugs. Certain ranges may be available in all sizes and shapes while others limited to 1 or 2 sizes.
The smallest area rug size is a 110 x 160cm which is suitable for near the sofa, under a coffee table or a small lounge room rug or under office chairs.
The most popular size, one used for the family area is a 160 x 230cm, and this may vary slightly. This size is ideal to suit the setting of the family room with the seating around the rug. You will also find the greatest selection of designs and colours in this size floor rug.
For the dining room a suitable size is a 2m x 2.9m floor rug.The dining suite would seat 6 to 8 people. It allows the chairs to still be on the rug as they are dragged outwards to sit on. Of course it can also be used for the larger family rooms.
A full room size floor rug would be 240cm x 340cm. This is used for the larger family room, activity room or under an extended dining table. There is also on occasion, a 3m x 4m available, but they are limited to the more traditional colours and designs.
Hallway Runners are manufactured at finished lengths or continuous. The finished or set lengths vary generally 67cm-80cm wide and 230cm, 300cm, 330cm, 400cm and a few 500cm long. Carpet runner rugs come on a roll of up to 30 metres long and have a width from 67cm up to 80cm.
The hall runners available on the roll can be cut to any length, overlocked or fringed and are available in many designs and colours, also available in rubber backed or the woven types. Some can also be matched with room size rugs.
Quality of Rugs
The quality of the Rugs will depend on the type of fibre used on the pile, and the process of construction.
Machine made rugs are made of woolen, synthetic and combinations of the two fibres. There are of course other natural fibres used in rugs like, cotton ,silk and jute but are not as popular, however the jute rugs are becoming more in fashion as a flatweave rug.
Synthetic fibres have come a long way over in recent years. At present most machine made rugs are made in Polypropylene, Polyester, Acrylic and mixtures of man made fibres.
Do you have a Question about the quality of a Floor Rug
The quality measurement for a woven rug is calculated by the number of fibers in a given area of one square meter.
So as a example I will use Traditional Design Rug that has the amount of 400,000 points of fiber per square meter, this is an indication that it is a reasonably Good Quality Rug.
Question? How to compare the quality of one rug to another?
Low quality is a BCF or Standard Fiber rug which are usually 100,000 - 250,000 points of fiber per square meter.
Starter for a Heatset Polypropylene Rug is usually around 250,000 points of fiber per square meter.
Low - Medium quality is usually around 250,000 - 400,000 points of fiber per square meter.
Medium to Good quality is usually around 400,000 - 600,000 points of fiber per square meter.
Good to High quality is usually around 600,000 - 800,000 points of fiber per square meter.
High quality is usually around 800,000 - 1,000,000 points of fiber per square meter.
Very High quality is usually around 1.000,000 Upwards to 2,000,000 points of fiber per square meter.
One last thing that helps the quality characteristics of an area rug is the Denier of the fiber, or in lamens terms the thickness of the fiber used.
So for your information about this rug you can see it falls into the Good Quality category although it is 400,000 points of fibre, the denier is approx 2200,
this means that its feels like 600,000 point rug as the denier is thicker , making this particular brand of rug good Value For Money, although some rug conisoirs wouldn't agree.
Standard Polypropylene Rugs
Standard polypropylene rugs the cheapest qualities rugs known as BCF, meaning continuous fibre, these are really good for a limited time as the fibre tends to flatten easily and are hard to vacuum and maintain.
Heat Set Polypropylene Rugs
Polypropylene Rugs in a heat set fiber means that the yarn has been processed to make the fibre softer and much easier to maintain plus more resilient to wear and stains. Heat Set fibres are easy to vacuum as they are antistatic, so fluff and animal hairs don't adhere to them.
They are generally available in a twist pile or plush pile.
The twist pile acts like a shock absorber to prevent it from flattening and provide great wear properties and has a slightly open surface where as the plus pile is a smooth surface with no real gaps.
There are many qualities of heat set polypropylene rugs in the market and the quality depends on the density of the weave and the thickness of the yarn. Generally the thicker the yarn the lesser the quality. The finer the yarn is twisted and set, the more points or shots are required to cover the surface of the rug and therefore the rug has more density and is more stable and longer lasting.
Acrylic Rugs can also be of high quality. The acrylic yarn doesn't have the sheen that the polypropylene rugs produce. Acrylic rugs feel and look like wool but don't wear as well and are generally cheaper. But beware of some acrylic shaggy rugs as they can shed / moult, you can rub your fingers back and forth quickly through the pile to test for this.
Natural Fiber Rugs
About the fiber Viscose?
Manufacturing of viscose starts with wood pulp, such as bamboo, the wood cellulose is treated with caustic soda, then allowed to age, before being treated again with caustic soda and carbon disulphide, the material is then spun through various mechanisms and washed in water baths or similar methods. Then extracted out of one or more slits to produce threads. As it begins with wood, it is not a synthetic material. Since the development of viscose, many people can enjoy a wide array of quality textiles without paying a lot of money for a luxurious look etc.
Wool Rugs are a lot warmer and have quality classification that dictates the quality. The T3 classification is the cheapest woolen machine woven rug. T4 is better and T6 is the highest quality produced. There are also a lot of hand tufted woolen rugs on the market today which are generally thicker than the machine wovens, and are mostly modern type designs. One advantage of woolen rugs is that they won't burn easily however being a natural fibre they do generally shed/ moult.
Hand Tufted Rugs
Hand tufted rugs from India and China are easily recognizable and relatively inexpensive. Generally they use wool or acrylic fibres in this category, although now that shaggy rugs are back in fashion polypropylene and polyester are now being introduced. You will always be able to distinguish the hand tufted by looking at the back of the rug where a plain colour cloth covers the glue that keeps the yarn stuck on the base. Majority of these are heatset but there are some cheaper brands available, If possible ask or feel the fibre and if it feels slightly sticky then it will have anti-static problems ( hard to vacuum ).
Machine Made Flatweave Rugs
Flatweave Rugs are made with the fibre running horizontally rather than vertically, this has many advantages.
Cleaning spills etc.is really easy and they don't have static problems, plus they are very hard wearing as there is no pile to flatten.
The only disadvantages is that they are not soft to sit on and don't look plush.
Shaggy rugs are currently in fashion and the advantages of these is that some do wear well and are great for sitting on and don't show fluff or dirt.
Only disadvantage is that they will eventually need to be hung up over something and hit to remove debris or some piles flatten.
Hand Knotted Rugs
The back of the hand knotted rug reveals the design that is on the front. They are basic in design and are available in soft earthy tones, one advantage is that the fibres are woven into the backing and therefore fibre wont fall out.
Special Requirement Areas
If you are searching for a rug for sound problems (echoing) I would recommend any thick type rug as they will absorb sound extremely well.
For a dining room table or games room a flatweave is a really cheap practical option, but remember they don't look plush.
How to: Cleaning and Caring for Your Floor Rug
Whatever the method used for cleaning treat all floor rugs gently. Shaking and hand beating are not recommended, unless the rug has become extremely gritty or if its a designer shaggy rug as the pile is so deep that a vacuum cleaner can't remove the debris.
Always vacuum your area rug regularly but never use a power bristle on shaggy rugs.
Thorough cleaning should be conducted at least every 6-12 months.
Machine made woven rugs that have Jute in the weave on the back should be dry cleaned by a professional. These rugs can become warp damaged if they absorb too much moisture.
One method for cleaning is to use 'soap and water' to spot clean them. Preferably use mild wool liquid laundry detergent with luke warm water. If you are unsure try cleaning a small area in the corner first to make sure no colours run. Sponge gently the spot to be cleaned. Blot dry with a dry cloth. With a cloth 'rinse' with vinegar in luke warm water, and sponge gently over the cleaned area. Blot dry with a dry cloth. When dry, vacuum.
Remember cleaning mistakes cannot always be taken out and done over, be careful, if in doubt call a professional.
But more importantly what we strongly suggest is to use our Scattermats Rug Magic all Natural Spot Cleaner in conjunction with our Scattermats Rug Guard protector spray, this makes cleaning and maintenance a breeze. See link below for more info!
When moving area rugs or removing them for the season, they should be rolled and tied securely but not too tightly and stored away. It is best to roll them face down to prevent strain of the backing. A covering of plastic canvas will be sufficient to keep them clean. Never fold them, or useas a pad for other household objects, unless the investment they represent is no longer important.
Hope this has been helpful.
Author: "Neville Barnes"