How to Install Self Adhesive Stick on Vinyl Floor Tiles Guide
Self Stick Vinyl Tiles Installation & Maintenance Guide
HOW MANY CARTONS NEEDED BASED ON SIZE;
To determine how many cartons you may need to purchase, make a plan of your room on some graph paper and mark down the measurements of any and all walls, permanent fixtures, and entrances. Using these measurements, determine the amount of square meters you will need to cover and add 1 tile spare for every 2 square meters of floor space.
The number of tiles required to cover small areas are shown below in the following format:
Area in m2 = Tiles Required
- For each tile of approximate size 30.5cm x 30.5cm (12inch x 12inch)
- A carton contains 45 tiles covering approximately 4.2 square meters (m2)
1.0 = 11
2.0 = 23
3.0 = 34
4.2 = 45
- For each tile of approximate size 45.7cm x 45.7cm (17.99inch x 17.99inch)
- A carton contains 16 tiles covering approximately 3.2 square meters (m2)
1.04 = 5
2.08 = 10
3.13 = 15
4.17 = 20
The following information and instructions are a guide only, Scattermats takes no responsibility regarding this guide
TOOLS NECESSARY FOR INSTALLATION;
- Tape measure, pencil and chalk line, straight edge, sharp utility knife.
- Paper for making patterns.
- Broom and vacuum cleaner.
- Universal water-based sealing agent.
- Vinyl flooring roller or heavy wooden rolling pin.
BEFORE YOU START YOUR INSTALLATION;
1) Keep the tiles at 21oC for a period of 48 hours prior to, during and for 48 hours after installation.
2) For best results, remove the tiles from the carton and separate into small piles of 10-15 so as to ensure correct acclimatisation and subsequent proper adhesive.
3) Inspect the tiles from each carton for any dye variations.
4) Your finished floor can only be as smooth as the subfloor so it must be rigid, smooth, level, dry, and free of any dust, holes or cracks.
5) After all preparatory work has been completed, it is essential to sweep and then vacuum the subfloor to ensure all dust and particles have been removed.
6) All surfaces including concrete, cement levelling compounds, hardboard underlay, plywood underlay and fibre cement underlay are to be primed using a dilute solution of a universal water-based sealing agent. (‘Bond-Crete’ by Bondall or similar works well)
7) Do not install the tiles in rooms with underfloor heating or on asphalt surfaces.
FOR INSTALLATION OVER CONCRETE;
1) It is essential that ground level concrete floors incorporate a damp-proof membrane.
2) All concrete floors must have been dry for 3 months and be free of moisture, alkalinity, paint, plaster, grease, oil or crayon markings.
3) Holes, cracks and hollows should be filled with non-shrinking levelling compound.
4) Bumps should be levelled with a grinding stone.
FOR INSTALLATION OVER CERAMIC TILES;
1) Fix any loose tiles and replace missing tiles.
2) Sweep and clean the floor to remove any paint, plaster, grease or oil.
3) Fill in the grout lines and level the surface of textured or undulating tiles. Seek advice as to a suitable ceramics tile surface primer and then apply a non-shrinking levelling compound.
FOR INSTALLATION OVER FLOOR BOARDS AND CHIP/PARTICLE-BOARD;
1) Re-nail, replace or sand timber floor boards as required.
2) The rigid and level timber floor boards or chip/particle-board should be overlaid with a flooring grade underlay of plywood, hardboard or fibre cement, sheet smooth side up. Seek advice and direction on their installation separately. Alternatively, seek advice on covering timber floor boards with a non-shrinking levelling compound.
FOR INSTALLATION OVER EXISTING RESILENT FLOORING;
1) Existing floors such as PVC vinyl tiles, vinyl composition tiles, non-cushioned sheet vinyl and linoleum are acceptable subfloors, provided the top surfaces of the material is smooth.
2) The existing material must be completely bonded to a rigid and structurally sound subfloor. It is necessary to thoroughly strip and clean the existing subfloor of all wax, polishes, paint, grease or other foreign material prior to installation of tiles.
3) Tiles installed over existing tiled floor must be installed so that seams do not fall over existing seams.
PLAN THE LAYOUT;
1) Best results are obtained by installing the tile from the center of the room and progressing out to the perimeter along two marked guide lines at right angles to each, completing a segment of the room at a time (See Figure 1 below).
2) Determine the center of the room. The first marked guide line determines the major room feature the tiles are to be aligned with, be it parallel to that feature or at a defined angle to it. (e.g. The longest wall, an island bench) From the center of the room mark a second guide line at right angles to the first. (A right angle can be determined by creating a triangle measuring 3 units base, 4 units length and 5 units diagonal - Figure 1 below)
3) To establish the best-balanced width of tiles to be laid up to each opposing wall, lay a row of tiles along the guide lines starting from the room marked center and progress outwards. (Do NOT remove the release paper backing at this stage)
4) It is preferable to have cut tiles of more or less the same size all around the perimeter, trying to avoid awkward corners or narrow slivers. If required, reposition and mark a new center and ‘best fit’ guide lines to use for the installation.
5) Placing a hand cut edge against the factory cut edge will not look realistic or natural. Therefore, when making a cut, you will want to place the hand cut edge along a wall. The cut edge perimeter of the room can be covered later with a skirting board or quarter-round timber trim.
INSTALLATION - LAYING THE TILE;
1) The tiles should be installed in a pyramid style fashion as indicated in the illustration.
2) To start, peel off the release paper backing from the tile and carefully position it in the first segments ‘room center’ corner of the ‘best fit’ guide lines. Ensure that it is correctly positioned along each of the guide lines and then apply firm pressure all over the tile surface to achieve complete contact.
Note: Tiles should be butted together closely, but not forced together.
CUTTING BORDER/PERIMETER TILES;
Note: Do NOT remove the release paper until the tile has been cut for fitting.
1) Place the tile to be cut precisely over a tile on the last row of an installed field tile. (Figure 2 - Tile A)
A) Lay another tile tight to the wall and placed over the first tile. (Figure 2 - Tile B)
2) Mark the first tile with a pencil line drawn against the second tile. Rest the first tile on the subfloor and cut along the pencil line.
3) Tiles should not be forced into place. It is recommended to leave a knife edge gap (about 2mm) around the room perimeter and to all vertical fixtures. (pipes, benches, posts, etc.)
FITTING TILE AROUND OBJECTS;
1) To lay tiles around door jams and fittings, cut a paper pattern and trace it onto the face of the tile with a pencil.
2) Cut the tile to the required shape and ensure it fits before removing the release paper. Do NOT force the tile into place, and it is recommended to leave a knife edge gap of 2mm to or around all vertical fixtures. (Figure 3)
Note: FINISHING OFF - When you have finished laying, use a portable vinyl flooring roller or heavy wooden rolling pin to go over the floor once again to check that all tiles are firmly stuck down. DO NOT wash or wet the floor for 5 DAYS.
MAINTENANCE AND CARE INSTRUCTIONS;
To obtain the best performance from your new floor and to avoid permanent damage, the following is recommended;
a) Use grit and soiling removing door mats at all entrances.
b) Sweep or vacuum the floor regularly to remove surface grit and dust.
c) Immediately clean up any spills.
d) To remove soiling, wipe over tiles with a damp mop or cloth using a weak mixture of warm water and mild neutral detergent. Rinse with clean water using a damp mop or cloth.
e) Never saturate the floor with water during cleaning or normal daily usage.
Do NOT use chlorine, ammonia-based cleaners, bleach, powder, scouring pads, liquid abrasives, strong alkaline detergents or solvents aggressive to PVC to clean the floor.
f) If a shine is desired, use a branded vinyl floor dressing.
g) Damage can be caused by cigarettes, sharp, heavy or hot objects dropped on the floor surface. Sports boots, gravel imbedded in soles, and stiletto heels may cause indentations.
Do NOT drag heaving furniture or appliances across the floor.
h) All furniture leg ends, and bases should be regularly checked for wear or sharp edges and covered with a protective plastic tip or cup or felt furniture pad.
i) Latex or rubber backed mats should not be used on vinyl tiles as they may cause discolouration when damp or moist.
j) Protect the flooring from constant direct exposure to sunlight and or heat over 38oC. (i.e. use curtains or blinds to shield windows and skylights)
It is recommended that you do not sand or dry scrape existing resilient floor coverings or their adhesive residue, as this may create harmful airborne particles. If removal of an existing floor covering is necessary, seek advice and be certain that all precautions are taken and proper procedures are followed. It may be preferable to cover floorings, paints and residual adhesives with leveling compounds or underlayment sheets in preparation for your new flooring installation. As the release paper backing is slippery, dispose of it as soon as it has been removed from a tile to avoid accidents.
All floor tiles may become slippery when wet.
Remember the old adage - “Measure twice - cut once”
This product is warranted for 12 months against manufacturing defects.
Any claim or replacement of tiles due to colour or pattern variation and obvious defects must be made before tiles are laid.